A drying oven is a laboratory or industrial appliance used for the controlled removal of moisture or solvents from various materials. It consists of an insulated chamber equipped with heating elements, temperature controls, and ventilation systems. These ovens operate at specific temperatures, typically below the boiling point of water, to gently and evenly dry or dehydrate substances like glassware, chemicals, food products, or samples. Drying ovens are essential in scientific research, manufacturing, and quality control processes to ensure consistent and precise drying of materials. They come in various sizes and configurations, including gravity convection ovens for general applications and forced-air ovens for faster and more uniform drying. Some advanced models feature programmable settings, digital displays, and precise temperature control, making them versatile tools for a wide range of industries and applications, from chemistry and food processing to electronics and pharmaceuticals, where accurate drying is crucial for product quality and integrity.